There are more than 150 phytocannabinoids, but about ten dozen reach a concentration that can play a significant role in regulating the encocannabinoid system. Among these, only one molecule produced from hemp has an amazing action: delta- (trans) -9-tetrahydrocannabinol or in short THC.
The other cannabinoids each have a different activity on our internal system and the best known is cannabidiol (CBD).
The other cannabinoids have also been being studied for a few years and among these cannabigerol (CBG) is affecting the scientific world for its anti-inflammatory and regulatory properties of the immune system.
The properties of cannabidivirine (CBDV) for its anti-epileptic effects are also promising. Recently, thanks to increasingly sensitive instruments, other cannabinoids have been identified, someone with activity 10 times higher than the known analogues.
The varietal improvement is trying to make the hemp plant produce the highest possible concentrations of individual cannabinoids, in order to produce them at lower and lower costs or to be able to use hemp tissues directly as therapeutic remedies because they are very active, without concentrating or processing them, taking advantage of the positive synergy between the various useful molecules that are present in the plant’s phytocomplex: terpenes, flavonoids, etc.